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Bilingualism and Aging



Bak, T. H., Nissan, J. J., Allerhand, M. M., & Deary, I. J. (2014). Does bilingualism influence cognitive aging?. Annals of neurology,75(6), 959-963.


Bialystok, e. (2016).  Aging and bilingualism Why does it matter? Linguistic Approaches to BilingualismVolume 6, Issue 1-2, Jan 2016, p. 1 – 8


Gold, B. T., Kim, C., Johnson, N. F., Kryscio, R. J., & Smith, C. D. (2013). Lifelong bilingualism maintains neural efficiency for cognitive control in aging. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(2), 387-396.

Nickels, L., Hameau, S., Nair, V. K. K., Barr, P. - 0587 & Biedermann, B. (2019) Ageing with bilingualism: benefits and challenges. Speech, Language and Hearing, 22 (1). pp. 32-50. doi:

Interview with Dr. Thomas H Bak - Bilingualism and the brain. Processing different languages across the lifetime

Conversation with Ellen Bialystok - Protective effects of bilingualism on aging brains

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